The Morning Text 10/31

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING! 

Welcome to The Morning Text!

Did you know that by the time you finish today, you will have been lied to somewhere between 10 and 200 times.

I’m not proud of it, but I’m really good at lying. Fortunately, I never lie about anything truly important. I think that being deceitful, for the most part, inhibits progress. For example, someone may be lying about their feelings, breaking something, cheating, fronting/stealing money, and/or problems that they’re having. In any of those situations, by lying, the person is halting true progress in some form or another. For this reason, I only lie for two reasons:

 1. The more common reason, for humor and my own amusement. Because why not convince my girlfriend that Mormons don’t believe in microwaves above eye level? Of course I tell the truth immediately after.

 2. Far less common, small harmless things. I am a strong believer in the notion that white lies are better than painful truths –“Does she hate me?” “No of course not!” – “Does this dress make me look fat?” “No you look wonderful.” (because Cat will be reading this tomorrow morning I would like to go ahead and say that I’ve never told these particular white lies).

Furthermore, I never lie if a promise is involved. Unfortunately, a few of my friends know this so if they think I’m telling a white lie they ask “do you promise?” In which case I have a moral obligation to come clean and tell them that the hat does in fact make their head look like an argon-inflated spare tire.

Interestingly, while I am good at lying, I’m also really easy to lie to. I used to often be skeptical of people if I felt like they had motive to deceive, but as I grew older I began to dislike this quality in myself. I made the decision to take everything at face value (within reason). Because I would much prefer be lied to than go through life suspecting deceit where there is none. This mentality has royally bitten me in the butt a few times, but overall it’s done me a lot of good.

So let’s talk about lying and spotting lies. Most of my information today comes from a book written by CEO of social networking company Simpatico Networks, Pamela Meyer. The fascinating book is appropriately titled Liespotting. She also gave a great TedTalk on the why’s and how’s of deception. 

Meyer first aims to help us understand the why. She believes that our lies are depictions of our desired self images. We all wish we were better employees, husbands, wives, parents, or students – so we all create lies to fill the gap between our real self and the self image we desire to attain. Now imagine the desired self image is a “hunger.” We all have this “hunger,” and once we find out other people’s hunger we can exploit those desires and either lie to them or see through their deception.

There are many ways that a person can give themselves away, but I’d like to focus on two: verbally or physically.

 1. Verbally

“I want you to listen to me. I’m going to say this again. I did not have sexual relations with that woman.” First of all, liars will often stress the “truthfulness” of their statement by going “in all honesty” or “listen to me” etc. 

Meyer also tells us that liars will often use more grammatically correct language when lying. Of course this only applies when the accused person does not typically use “did not” as opposed to “didn’t.” 

A big giveaway, which I found interesting, is displayed in Clinton’s statement in the words “that woman.” Liars commonly distance themselves from the accusation by making it impersonal. Instead of saying the woman’s name, Clinton chose to remove himself from the. Crime by saying “that woman.” To a lie-spotter it may be a giveaway, but to your average Joe it seems rather effective.

Liars will also often speak in a different vocal register. The lie may be told with a little too much or too little animation than the person uses. But more commonly, the person will use a lower pitch and tone to tell the lie.

Meyer also says that most liars will get defensive in their language, but truth-tellers will be very compliant.
 2. Physical

Take what most people say and throw it out the window. This includes, “liars are fidgety,” “liars won’t look you in the eye,” “liars faces will twitch.”

To my surprise, liars upper bodies actually freeze more often than becoming fidgety. 

Studies have also shown that liars actually keep more eye contact than usual in attempt to make the lie more believable.

Most liars will have a completely still face and make a symmetrical facial expression when lying. This includes intentional strained looks, forced smiles, and normally raised eyebrows. For most people, it’s hard to tell the fake smile from the real smile, but Meyer says that the real smile is from the eyes and that a fake smile only contracts the cheeks. 

There is only one asymmetrical facial expression common amongst liars that Meyer likes to call “the face of contempt.” This face is typically from a lie that is being given out of anger and malicious intent. It is shown by the raising of one side of the upper lip. Anger turns to contempt when a sense of superiority gets involved. When you see this face, Meyer recommends that you turn away, close down the business deal, or rethink your options.

Liars will often shake their head instead of nod when giving positive affirmation. They will also commonly shrug during a lie in attempts to display openness. They will even get a deceptive smile sometimes because they feel proud for beating the system (it’s not as evil as it sounds, we all do it).
Although this is fascinating, please don’t employ these skills in your daily life. You’re not a trained behavioralist with the proper skill set to decipher between a lie and a truth using an eyebrow twitch or a vocal inclination. I much prefer my “trust 95%” mentality to the skepticism that many people have. Also, please tell the truth. It just makes life easier.

Challenge of the Day: Ask why three times. If someone states their opinion or desire, ask them why three times (one “why” after each answer). Behavioralists say that by asking “why” three times you can come to understand someone and their motivation far better than you had before. 

Just by the way, I will not be sending a Morning Text tomorrow!

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

Sources:

Pamela Meyer’s Liespotter

The Morning Text 10/28

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

Today I’m showing another poem that I really like. Fair warning, there is some profanity. It’s written and performed by George Watsky, a song artist that became famous from YouTube. This incredibly relatable poem is a letter to his 16 year old self. 

Letter to My 16-Year-Old self

George Watsky

Sup bitch. Nah, I’m just messing with ya. What I meant to say was, “Never give up. Always be yourself.” It’s gonna suck hearing that over and over as you get older. But as stereotypes start with a grain of truth, cliches begin with a boulder. And no matter what, you’re an animal. A born natural. So you don’t need some motivational speaker asshole feeding you re-heated inspirational corn casserole. You magical bastard! Get it through your brain. Inject it in your vein, get infected with the strain, the strange idea you’re the reflection of the greats who came before. More than Science, our bodies are history’s oldest appliance. We’re piggy-back riding the shoulders of giants which is how we survive when the ceilings keep getting higher and the lightbulbs keep burning out. We learn by word of mouth, and when your time is passed, don’t drag each other down. Cause being a crab in a bucket is mad lonely. Be the crab escaping from crab prison who creates a crab rope out the window made only of crab homies. Cause we’re in this together. Future you is just past you with new molecules. We shoot the old ones out follicles and hair is dead cells so our faults get shed well, meaning our parts that are hard to adore get mopped up on the barber shop floor. In other words, although you often don’t remember people’s names, are at center of attention at all the wrong times, and spend roughly six hours a night lying on your side watching Boy Meets World re-runs, you are capable of outgrowing that bullshit. I’m aware there is doubt. I don’t believe in hell, but I believe in my parents’ couch. You’re gonna get depressed sometimes. You’re gonna have weeks where you don’t feel like eating, where gravity is working overtime like it’s afraid of getting laid off and you can barely lift your fork to your mouth, and you are going to have a choice. Do you want to see this world as ugly, or beautiful? Wanna know what I think? Well go fuck yourself, this is my poem, and I think the universe is great. It’s like God just chucked a bunch of candy into space. And Earth is a jaw-breaker. So it doesn’t matter if you’ve got the biggest mouth, you can’t just chew the world up and spit it out. You’ve gotta savor it. From the grandest to the blandest nook and cranny, every crooked alley, every mountain, brook, and valley, from Candyland to Cali that’s been stamped by Rand McNally. Ordinary is outstanding! So don’t be impressed by mere miracles. And FYI, looking like a crusty hippie doesn’t make you spiritual. You’re gonna have to climb through a thorny mess of contradictions, underground rivers, and sometimes what you love the most will cause your biggest problem. Because you know what’s awesome? World peace. You know what else is awesome? Catapults. And that’s just the goddamn truth. This world is so confusing, but you’re gonna be fine. You’re gonna be fine.

Challenge of the Day: what piece of advice would you give your 16-year-old self? And why? Share your thoughts with me!

This poem suggestion came from Cat! Shout out “thank you” to her!

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources:

http://lybio.net/george-watsky-letter-to-my-16-year-old-self/poem/

The Morning Text 10/27

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

As I imagined you’ve discovered by now, I am all about new forms of energy, I think they’re important to our survival as a species. I am also very excited and supportive of becoming an interplanetary species. In fact, I have considered signing up to go to Mars if it wasn’t for the fact that Catherine has told me I’m not allowed. 

That being said, living in a small life-sustaining pod for years at a time doesn’t sound glamorous at all. I would, however, like to remind people that this is only phase one. With the way things are going now, I believe that mars will be just as capable of sustaining life as Earth is today. And that is exactly what I’d like to write about today.

So let’s shoot down the common incorrect beliefs. The first is that Mars is void of H2O. Mars has water, and lots of it. It’s just frozen in the soil and in the ice caps. Also, mars soil isn’t primarily oxidized iron, it actually contains all of the same elements we have here on Earth.

First thing we will do is establish colonies of humans that live in self sustaining pods (much like you saw in the Martian). When leaving the pods, humans will be required to wear space suits, not just for oxygen, but to provide the pressure needed to survive in the thin atmosphere. 

After a colony is established and research is conducted, we will begin to terraform the planet. The first step in terraforming the planet will be to heat it up. And we will do this by heating it up the same way the earth maintains its heat. 

The photons that reach Earth from the sun provide plenty of heat for us, the issue is that without specific gases in our atmosphere, none of the heat stays. This is where greenhouse gases come into play. Greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide work by trapping the heat within the earths atmosphere. Mars’s atmosphere is a tiny fragment of Earths, so we have to put more gases in the atmosphere.

There are many ways to do this, but two that I really like. The first is exactly what is causing climate change here on earth. Our cars, our factories along with other things create tons of greenhouse gases, which is trapping too much heat within Earth’s atmosphere. We can establish factories around Mars that produce lots of CO2 and methane in order to further develop the atmosphere. The second is by melting Mars’s ice caps. Now, unlike our ice caps, most of Mars’s ice caps are actually made up of carbon dioxide. We will conduct thermonuclear explosions over the ice caps to melt the abundant amount of CO2 and release it into the atmosphere. Many people are hesitant to go with the second method and I don’t blame them. Just keep in mind that our sun is one constant nuclear explosion but on a much larger scale.

By developing the atmosphere, the humans that have been living on Mars will no longer need pressurized suits at this time and instead will only need to carry around a supply of oxygen.

Over the next two centuries, the planet will warm itself enough that the H2O frozen in the soil will begin to melt causing oceans and rivers to appear. Now, Mars has a lot of water, but not quite as much as Earth. So to get more water we can either create it from oxygen and hydrogen or redirect asteroids (which contain a lot of water) to collide with the surface. 

Another interesting thing about the melting process is that many people believe that there are dormant lifeforms frozen on Mars (mainly algae and bacteria) that will be released with the melting up the H2O. This being considered, I’m really not sure how likely it is to happen. I simply don’t know enough about it.

Now that there is water on earth and the atmosphere is warm, we have to make the atmosphere breathable. This is the longest step. We will most likely plant tons of trees to morph the planet’s atmosphere until there is more oxygen. This could take thousands of years.

After there is enough oxygen, humans will most likely bring over animals in larger quantity until it is very much populated by the many animals that we enjoy here on earth (except for mosquitos).

Now this step by step process has been developed by someone with only a 20th century mind planning for a 23rd century endgame. I think that as time goes on a more theories emerge, we will find even more efficient ways to terraform the planet. 

Call me crazy (you wouldn’t be the first) but I think that one day Mars will be very much like earth. I said this to my father and he goes, “Wow, that’s out of this world.” Anyway, although I will never get to see this dream of mine come true, I’m glad I get to see the process begin. 

Challenge of the Day: Talk about or read about climate change and come back to me with the report.

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The following picture is what mars would look like with trees and oceans


Sources:

https://www.google.com/amp/amp.space.com/764-mars-habitable-inject-greenhouse-gas.html?client=safari

How Do We Terraform Mars?

The Morning Text 10/26

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

Alright, I’m about to rant and I offer no apologies. IQ is a dumb concept and you can throw it out the window. 

IQ (intelligence quotient) is supposed to be a measure of your intelligence, or rather, a unit of measurement by which one can determine how efficiently and quickly they learn. It aims to measure your processing speed, your RAM, your long term memorization and how long you can go before you’re mentally burnt out.

The concept of IQ was invented by Stanford psychologist Terman in 1916. Rather than measure our academic abilities, it was developed to determine our native, or born intelligence. Terman’s concept of IQ targeted our innate ability to learn. How is IQ most often tested? Why, a standardized test of course; because we all know that standardized tests are the best way to measure someone’s abilities!

IQ suggests that your intelligence is almost entirely genetic. Yes, most people that received a high IQ result from the test typically did better in school. That being said, who’s to say that resulted from genetics? Instead, newer research (and by newer research I mean going decades back up until now) suggests that most of your IQ score is actually determined by learned abilities. 

Don’t confuse the message I’m trying to convey. I’m not saying that no one is born smarter than others. What I’m saying is that is that using IQ as a measure of someone’s intelligence is inaccurate.

IQ scores are classified by number sets. According to the WISC-IV and WPPSI-III, the classifications are as follows. Scores 79 and below are “Below Average”, scores that fall between 80-89 are low average, 90 to 109 are average and scores 110 to 119 are high average. Beyond that scores that range 120-129 are deemed “Superior,” 130-138 are deemed “Gifted,” 138-145 are considered “Highly Gifted (HG)”, 145-152 are “Exceptionally Gifted (EG)” and 152+ are “Profoundly Gifted (PG).”

IQ puts people in categories of intelligence that they say are genetic and say “you’re born this smart, and you’re stuck with it.” Many young teenagers that feel intelligent take these tests and end up with a 100 causing them to feel discouraged and unmotivated to strive for more in their life. IQ teaches that a number can determine your potential for success. You know what? I’m calling BS on that. 

According to the concept of Intelligence Quotient, I am average. I have an IQ that falls between 100 and 115 (depending on the test I take). You know what that test doesn’t measure? My work ethic, my desire and ambition to learn, my passion and interest in certain subjects, my creativity, my ability to analyze or my willpower. Leaving out all of these essential learned character traits, how is IQ supposed to determine my overall intelligence or potential for success? It doesn’t. IQ is as useful to the overall public as Sigmund Freud’s theory of penis envy is to a psychologist. 

I would like to point out that I said “overall public.” IQ can be used to measure the extremities of the intelligence scale in order to place people in certain classes or programs that will best benefit them (i.e. Special Education or exceptionally gifted persons). However, for the most part, I still stand by my previous statement.

Warren Buffet says “If you are in the investment business and have an IQ of 150, sell 30 points to someone else.” If you don’t know who Warren Buffet is, I suggest you look him up. He is one of the richest and most successful men in the world. In this quote, he may be referring specifically to investing, but the notion still follows. IQ isn’t as important to one’s success potential or abilities as society makes it out to be.

To argue the other side, it is true that most billionaires have exceptionally high IQ’s. While IQ most likely plays a role in these people’s success, that’s only 1,810 people out of the 7,400,000,000 people in the world (1 out of every 4,088,397 people). In addition to that, I’m sure that more astrophysicists have high IQ’s than plumbers. All this being said, their IQ’s could very well be due to the abilities they learned throughout their lives.

So if you took an IQ test as a child or a teenager and received an average or below average score, don’t let that stop you from achieving for full potential. Intelligence is more than a number.

There are two Best Sellers written by Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves titled The Emotional Intelligence Appraisal and Emotional Intelligence 2.0 that outline an alternative to this outmoded “intellectual horsepower” concept. The book suggests intelligence and success potential are more affected by a set of learned abilities, traits and principles that make up their concept of EQ.” But that’s a concept for another day. Nonetheless, I suggest you read it.

Challenge of the Day: Teach me something. I spend all this time researching and writing this newsletter for the many recipients, I’d really like to learn something from you guys. 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

Edited by Catherine Peinhardt
Sources:

http://www.forbes.com/billionaires/

Three Lessons from Warren Buffett

http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2009/07/the-truth-about-iq/22260/

http://www.hoagiesgifted.org/highly_profoundly.htm

The Morning Text 10/25

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

Too tired to go the the gym but still want to get fit while sitting? There’s a solution! Banging your head against a wall burns about 150 calories an hour! But don’t stop there! If you did that for four hours every day you would burn 4200 calories a week! That’s about a pound right there! Ditch that workout routine for some good ol’ self inflicted pain and see the abs by next week! Disclaimer: don’t actually do this unless you want to die.

I’ve noticed a correlation, the sleepier I am, the more likely I am to write about sleep related things. So guess what, I’m writing about circadian rhythms today. 

Circadian Rhythms are our bodies’ natural clocks. They determine everything from alertness, to sleepiness, to blood pressure, and to melatonin secretion.

The length and regulation of Circadian rhythms are often determined by the natural light that our world provides. They typically run from between 21-27 hours long but for the sake of simplicity, let’s just assume that yours is exactly 24 hours. For this application, we have to assume that you sleep based on the natural light that you’re given. 

As far as sleep goes, we will get the best sleep from between 2-4 am. If you are awake at that time, then you will feel the greatest urge to sleep at this time. Second to this, we feel a great urge to sleep between 2-3 pm, indicating that naps are actually better for us. Now, this may seem counterintuitive, and you say that until you have a meeting or take a class at 2 pm. So don’t let anyone tell you that you’re lazy for taking naps. There is no species on earth, save humans, that sleeps for only one block a day. 

You are most alert at 10 am, have the best reaction time at 330 pm, have the greatest muscle strength at 5 pm and (if you’re awake) have the best coordination time at 230 pm.

Our body even has set times that it secretes melatonin. Now, melatonin is our sleepy chemical. Yes, there are many things that make you want to sleep, biology may be one of them, but melatonin is the biggest one. Your body will naturally secrete melatonin to make you feel more sleepy. When people take melatonin supplements (which you can buy over the counter) they aren’t taking sleeping pills, instead think of them as sleep regulators. Based on a 24 hour circadian rhythm, your body begins secreting melatonin at 9 pm and stops secreting it at 730 am.

As for physiological symptoms, your blood pressure will be its highest at 630 pm immediately followed by your highest body temperature at 7 pm. Your lowest body temperature however will be at 430 am, right after your sleepiest time. Closely following you will see the sharpest rise in blood pressure at 645 am. 

Now that I’ve thrown a bunch of times all over the place, let’s put together your most effective day based on your needs as determined by the circadian rhythm. 

If you want to study, the best time start that is 10 pm. If you want to play a sport that takes more coordination (tennis), you will perform best at 230. If you play a sport that takes more reaction time (baseball or even video games) then 330 is the best time for you. If you want to go lift weights or play football, you’ll see the greatest results at 5 pm. And then everyone would do best sleeping between 9 pm and 730 am. 

Isn’t it fascinating that your body naturally runs on a clock? Remember when your sibling would use that excuse so they could go to the bathroom right before doing dishes,”my body is on a schedule” may not be completely BS after all. 

Challenge of the Day: Utilize at least one “best time” in your circadian rhythm to make a task easier. Come back and tell me how your experiment went! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources:

http://fhsapbiology.weebly.com/circadian-rhythm.html

The Morning Text 10/24

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

I had family members come in this weekend so I didn’t have a chance to write a full length Morning Text. Instead, I’m giving you a small replacement.

I’d like to show you one of my favorite poems. Written by a Welsh poet Dylan Thomas in 1947, I feel that this poem perfectly depicts exactly what life should be.

Do not go gentle into that good night,

Old age should burn and rave at close of day;

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Though wise men at their end know dark is right,

Because their words had forked no lightning they

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright

Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight,

And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way,

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight

Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay,

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

And you, my father, there on the sad height,

Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray.

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

This poem argues that life should be lived from start to finish with a burning passion, even at the very end. That is exactly what I want my life to be. Actually, I love this power so much that I intend on getting the first and last lines tattooed on my forearms at some point.

Challenge of the Day: Send me your favorite poem! I would love to read it! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The Morning Text 10/21

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING! 

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

“If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.” Desmond Tutu. I like this quote because it puts all of those people that pretend to be innocent in light. When they don’t intervene in an event in which evil is being done, then they become guilty by omission and enabling. So if you see something wrong happening to someone, do something about it. 

I have a couple recipients that use tabaco products, and I don’t like it. So because I’m pretty, I’m going to passive aggressively write about addiction. There are two main types of addiction, mental and physical. Different substances cause different degrees of addiction in these two categories. In addition, both forms of addiction are often seen together.

 1. Physical

This type of addiction is probably the more dangerous of the two. In this case, people’s bodies have become dependent on the substance. When they quit the substance, they begin to feel actual physical symptoms. Although most commonly seen with drugs such as heroin, meth and cocaine, it can be seen in caffeine as well.

 2. Psychological

This type of addiction is commonly seen in marijuana. Where a person’s body hasn’t become dependent on the drug but they feel that certain behaviors may be at loss without it. For instance, they may be anxious without the substance, or they may be unable to fall asleep quickly. This form of addiction is also commonly referred to as mental or emotional addiction.

Surprisingly, these two might not be as different as we think. In an October 2010 study, couples were showed pictures of former significant others. We found that psychological addiction tends to stimulate many of the same regions of the brain as physical addiction. These parts were the anterior insula and the anterior cingulate cortex which are both associated with physical pain. Granted this isn’t actually about substance addiction, but the concept can still apply. 

Treatment

 1. Physical Addiction

This is usually treated with a supervised detox. The addict is weened off of the substance slowly to lessen the physical ailments associated with quitting. The treatment can take up to weeks.

 2. Psychological Addiction

If an addict has both forms of addiction, psychological addiction is typically treated after physical addiction because it lasts longer. Unfortunately, there is no way to detox the desire to use out of us. This is typically what rehab and relapse prevention programs are used for. They’re a wonderful source of support that help addicts come to terms with their desire to use.

Here’s the actual interesting part of The Morning Text. Contrary to what was previously believed, nicotine addiction appears to be almost entirely psychological.

For a study conducted in 2010, cigarette cravings among flight attendants who smoked were recorded on both long and short flights. (Smoking is prohibited on flights.)

Results showed that flight length made almost no change craving levels. Surprisingly, cravings were stronger at the end of the short flights than they were at the end of the long flights. This suggests that people start craving cigarettes when they know they’re about to have one as opposed to when they haven’t had one in a while. So really, most of it it is in your head.

Challenge of the Day: Use the word “Lexicon.” By definition, it is a few things such as a dictionary, a record of inventory. But it is also the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person. You may use any of these. Come back to me! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources: 

The Difference Between Physical and Psychological Addiction

Just the Facts: Psychological vs Physical Addiction

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/body-sense/201204/emotional-and-physical-pain-activate-similar-brain-regions

https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.businessinsider.com/top-psychologists-reveal-research-that-blows-their-mind-2016-6?client=safari

The Morning Text 10/20

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

So I’m weird (I know, big surprise) but not in only in the standard weird way. In addition to screaming the lyrics to songs in strange accents, I also love working on my professional appearance. This has nothing to do with my physical appearance; I’m referring to my resume, LinkedIn profile, and professional behavior.  

I update my resume multiple times a year, even if I’m not searching for a job. I don’t even do this to be ready or prepared, I just do it because it’s fun and challenging. That of course poses the question, “How could resume building be fun or challenging?” Because I’m finding the best way to talk myself up without appearing cocky. At the same time, I have to use phrases and words that suggest specific application to the job I’m applying for all the while promoting an air of mystery to intrigue the interviewer. Forget the notion that the first interview is the first impression, it’s the second. Instead, the resume is your first impression. So you have to make your piece of paper outshine all the others with which you are competing and make it all look natural. You know, sexy but not like you’re trying. 
In addition to that, I check my LinkedIn every day. I’m not looking for a job, I just like my professional presence to be out there just in case anyone needs it. Occasionally, I’ll even receive interview offers from other people online looking for talent (just goes to show that anyone can be fooled).
Maintaining an attractive professional appearance is something I pride myself in. This is also something I have frequent conversations about. I often read about and discuss what makes an employee attractive to a potential employer, and I have been through many mock interviews just trying to learn more about it. 
My professional appearance study this week regarded just this, interviews. I wanted to know how to dazzle the best of the best in an interview. So I did some reading into difficult interview questions and found some material I thought was interesting. I found that quite a few CEO’s and startup Giants had given their favorite interview questions in press conferences and press interviews, so I made it a point to find those. 
Let me share a few of my favorite ones: 

 1. “What didn’t you get a chance to include on your résumé?” 

Billionaire Virgin Group founder Richard Branson asks this because he knows a résumé is only a piece of paper. He argues that if you were to hire someone based off of a piece of paper, then an interview would be all but obsolete.

 2. “On a scale of 1 to 10, how weird are you?”

CEO of Zappos Tony Hsieh asks this because he’s looking for creativity and fun. He says that 1 isnt enough and 10 is too psychotic. Other than that the answer doesn’t matter all that much to him.

 3. “How old were you when you had your first paying job?”

Hannah Paramore, president of Paramore, asks this to see how deeply instilled a persons wort ethic And independence versus entitlement is.

 4. “What is your spirit animal/super power.”

Ryan Holmes, CEO of HootSuite, asks this to get a deeper look into a person’s character. For instance, his executive assistant, who has been working for him for years now, first answered the question with a duck. When questioned why she responded that a duck is her favorite animal because they appear to be calm on the surface but have an undying need to scurry around like crazy and do things. It was one of the things that got her the job.

 5. “Tell me about your failures.”

This one is possibly my favorite of all. In society failure is viewed as such a negative thing, but to most successful people failure isn’t “failure.” The English language is one of the most extensive and descriptive languages in the world, and yet we don’t have a better word to describe what we see as a failure. Thomas Edison, for example, had made over 1000 attempts to create the lightbulb. When asked about his “failures,” he responded something along the lines of “I didn’t fail. I simply found what wouldn’t work a thousand different ways.” Jenny Ming, CEO and President of Charlotte Russe asks this because she recognizes that failure isn’t just failure, it’s a way of learning. And having a belt of failures says something about your drive, work ethic and willingness to keep going. She also enjoys getting answers that doesn’t have to do with business. Her favorite part is hearing about how people have overcome their failures. 

 6. “What would you do in the event of a zombie apocalypse?”

Ashley Morris, CEO of a successful sandwich shop franchise, asks this question to see into the morals of his potential employee. 

 7. “A hammer and a nail cost $1.10, and the hammer costs one dollar more than the nail. How much does the nail cost?”

CEO and Cofounder of Converto Jeff Zwelling asks this question to see if people can reason and problem solve. They’re not even required to get the correct answer (which is a nickel by the way), instead he wants to see their reasoning.

 8. “Tell me something that’s true, that almost nobody agrees with you on.”Peter Piel, Cofounder of PayPal, asks this to test your originality of thinking. Remember, Peter Piel Cofounded that company with Elon Musk who is known for creating outlandish deadlines and ideas

 9. “What was the last costume you wore?”

Neil Blumenthal and David Gilboa, creators of Warby Parker, are genuinely just looking for fun people. They find that people that can make an environment fun often create more of a following which is a trait of leadership that the company values. The costume doesn’t even matter, it’s why they wore it.

 10. “You are standing somewhere on Earth’s surface. You walk one mile south, one mile west, and one mile North. You end up at the same point you started. Where is that spot?”

This is Elon Musks favorite interview question. He asks this question to see people’s cognitive ability and problem solving skills. There are two answers. The first is the North Pole, and the second is on the mile long circumference of a circle surrounding the South Pole. That’s a toughie.

Challenge of the Day: I have two today. 

 0. Ask any one of these interview questions to anyone you please. Analyze their answer and come back to me with whether you would hire them or not, and why. 

 0. Choose one question that I haven’t already answered and give me your response. 

Sorry today’s was so long! I had to make up for not having one yesterday! This is one of my favorite topics so please do give me feedback!

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources: 

http://www.businessinsider.com/top-execs-share-favorite-interview-questions-2015-7/#at-was-the-last-costume-you-wore-19

https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.businessinsider.com/elon-musk-favorite-interview-question-answer-2016-10?client=safari

The Morning Text 10/18/16

An Educational NewsletterGOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

I know many of you either have never met me or have no idea what I look like. Well let me tell you. The first thing people see when they look at me is my beard. I have a full beard with a French-curled mustache. I trim and shape my beard regularly and put oil and wax in it every morning to make sure it’s looking good. By the way, if any of you men are thinking of ditching shaving in order to save time in the morning, that’s not exactly how it works. Granted, I probably spend more time on my beard than most men because my beard is a big part of my physical identity so I’m very fond of it, but it does take some frequent maintenance. I even color my beard (Cat says it’s dye but the box says color-wash) a darker color to match my hair. Not that my beard is a completely different color, it’s just a naturally sandy beard whereas I prefer a darker thicker beard on myself. Anyway, today’s Morning Text is about beards.

If you read my first Morning Text about evolution, you will remember that it’s not the survival of the fittest, rather the survival of the most adaptable. You see, the genetic sequences that brought forth facial hair in men was our species’s way of adapting to the environment in which it found itself. Which raises the question, what are the evolutionary advantages? I’ll take any response. “Warmth?” Good. “Protection?” Okay. “Sexual attraction.” Uhuh. “Camouflage.” Yup. “Competition?” Yes, all of these are right. 

You can see why a beard would serve well for warmth, protection and camouflage. But why sexual attraction and competition? Well that’s where it gets trickier.

First, I’d like to shoot down the myth that all men and women are sexually attracted to beards. In fact, according to studies, beards and attractiveness may only have correlation in common rather than causation. For example, ice cream sales and murder rates go up at the same time. Does this mean that ice cream causes murder? Of course not. Instead, the most reasonable explanation is that both ice cream sales and murder rates rise because in the summer the heat can cause both overheating and anger driven psychotic breakdowns. So a woman or man may be more attracted to someone with a beard, but this doesn’t mean that the beard is what brings the attraction. Rather, studies suggest that women and men are more attracted to the high testosterone levels in men that also cause more beard growth.

Another reason why women are typically more attracted to men with beards is due to dominance. A behavioral psychology study conducted in June of 2015 by Tamsin Saxon in the Department of Psychology at Northumbria University suggests that beards play a large part in sexual competition. In this study twenty men and twenty women were asked to rate the attractiveness and dominance of six men who were filmed on four occasions while they grew out their beards. Surprisingly, the results suggested that beards didn’t necessarily make the men appear more attractive, but did make them appear more dominant. 

Now this all makes sense. Four men are at a bar all eyeing the same girl. The first three men are either clean shaven or have very little facial hair. The first three men try to pick up the girl until they see the fourth man with the large beard. They then become intimidated by this man and appear less confident, which in turn makes him appear less attractive to the girl. 

So that’s the most likely reason men developed beards through evolution. Not because women think they’re attractive, but instead to scare other men away.

I’d like to take this opportunity to shut down some BS. Men are often thought to be unmanly if they show too much interest or concern regarding their looks. Look at it this way. In almost every single species on the face of this earth, the gender that evolutionarily developed more extravagant and ornate has been male. And that’s because the male creature with more bells and whistles typically won the female. So don’t go laughing at a guy because he’s fixing his hair in the mirror, shopping for new clothes or grows his hair out to do a man bun. Instead realize that he’s probably attracting more men and women than you are because he’s trying. 

Challenge of the Day: go use the word, “Anthropomorphism” or “Anthropomorphic.” It is the attribution of human-like characteristics or behavior to a god, object or animal. Basically this means that you’re describing or portraying something to be human when it’s not. A great example are children’s shows in which animals are the main characters. Paw Patrol is a great example in which the talking animals with human level intelligence go about and complete great deeds. This is a tough one, but I expect great examples from a few of you!

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources:

The Morning Text 9/20

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/anthropomorphic

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160418-the-real-reason-men-grow-beards

http://m.beheco.oxfordjournals.org/content/27/2/512

https://www.quora.com/Was-there-any-evolutionary-advantage-for-beards

The Morning Text 10/17/16

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

To begin, I’d like to tear apart a myth. In Inception (great movie) it is explained that 5 minutes in the real world is an hour in the dream world. This is false. We dream in real time which means that one minute in the real world is one minute in the dream world.

I received a lot of feedback on The Morning Text regarding sleep stages, so I’m going to expand on dreaming. You can read that Morning text here: http://themorningtext.com/index.php/2016/10/13/the-morning-text-101316/ 

I dream a lot, and they’re usually good dreams. Cat on the other hand has a lot of bad dreams. In fact, I have to wake her up every night from a bad dream. She recently voiced her jealousy to me that I almost never have bad dreams. It made me realize that I actually often have bad dreams,but I almost immediately realize they’re bad dreams so I turn it around and control my dream. This is called “lucid dreaming.”

By definition, lucid dreaming is any dream in which the dreamer realizes it is and dream and not reality. Usually the dreamer has control over the events, actions, environment or storyline in some degree. That begin said, not all dreams are entirely lucid. The dreamer may notice ya a dream but be unable to change the events in any way shape or form. Many professional athletes will go through “sleep training” in which they condition their brains to lucid dream so that they can train in their sleep. 

Here’s the question we all want answered. How does one lucid dream without a sleep therapist? First of all, it’s possible, Ive done it since I was 16. Second of all, it takes some time.

If you recall, R.E.M. Stage brainwaves look very much like our alert and conscious brainwaves. This is why most of our vivid dreams occur in R.E.M. (Stage R). We are also very in tune to the world around us when we are in this stage. This means that we can detect stimuli in our own bedrooms.

Discovering this, I had an idea. I wanted to see how music could affect my dreams. I planned a three month experiment in which I listened to a different genre of music every month while I slept. Month one was classical music, month two was jazz music, and month three was popular dance/hip hop/rap music. I wanted to see if my dreams got crazier or more creative as my subconscious fed off of the music I played. And while executing this experiment, I accidentally discovered something else. Not only could I hear the classical music the first month, but it made me realize that I was dreaming.

I remember the first night. I dreamt that I had gone camping alone in the mountains. I stood in a meadow of yellow flowers before a bear jumped from the plants to attack me. In the dream the bear mauled me, but as I heard Moonlight Sonata movement three play in the background, I realized it was just a dream. Immediately, I had full control over the dream. I tossed the bear off into a few flowers and I flew off into the sky to explore the world.

This occurrence continued happening more and more often until I was able to distinguish a dream from reality even if classical music hadn’t been playing in my room while I slept. Now, classical music always softly plays in all my dreams as a seemingly subconscious warning to myself. In another reference to the movie Inception, classical music became my “totem.” I never even finished the original experiment because I became so caught up in my new discovery. Actually, Catherine is beginning the experiment herself in attempts to gain control over her nightmares. The trick is to consciously remind yourself right before you go to sleep, “If I hear music, it’s a dream.”

Of course this isn’t the only option, there are many others that are less likely to keep you up. There is now a headband on KickStarter that reads your brainwaves which you wear while you sleep. During the first 4 stages of sleep, the headband remains inactive. However, the sporadic and unpredictable R.E.M. Stage brainwaves triggers the headband. The headband then flashes a dim red light over your eyes signaling to inform you that you are dreaming. The headband isn’t available yet, but we hope it to be in the market soon.

You challenge: play some music softly while you nap today or sleep tonight, come back to me with the result. Thanks!

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources: