The Morning Text 10/21

An Educational Newsletter


Welcome to The Morning Text! 

“If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.” Desmond Tutu. I like this quote because it puts all of those people that pretend to be innocent in light. When they don’t intervene in an event in which evil is being done, then they become guilty by omission and enabling. So if you see something wrong happening to someone, do something about it. 

I have a couple recipients that use tabaco products, and I don’t like it. So because I’m pretty, I’m going to passive aggressively write about addiction. There are two main types of addiction, mental and physical. Different substances cause different degrees of addiction in these two categories. In addition, both forms of addiction are often seen together.

 1. Physical

This type of addiction is probably the more dangerous of the two. In this case, people’s bodies have become dependent on the substance. When they quit the substance, they begin to feel actual physical symptoms. Although most commonly seen with drugs such as heroin, meth and cocaine, it can be seen in caffeine as well.

 2. Psychological

This type of addiction is commonly seen in marijuana. Where a person’s body hasn’t become dependent on the drug but they feel that certain behaviors may be at loss without it. For instance, they may be anxious without the substance, or they may be unable to fall asleep quickly. This form of addiction is also commonly referred to as mental or emotional addiction.

Surprisingly, these two might not be as different as we think. In an October 2010 study, couples were showed pictures of former significant others. We found that psychological addiction tends to stimulate many of the same regions of the brain as physical addiction. These parts were the anterior insula and the anterior cingulate cortex which are both associated with physical pain. Granted this isn’t actually about substance addiction, but the concept can still apply. 


 1. Physical Addiction

This is usually treated with a supervised detox. The addict is weened off of the substance slowly to lessen the physical ailments associated with quitting. The treatment can take up to weeks.

 2. Psychological Addiction

If an addict has both forms of addiction, psychological addiction is typically treated after physical addiction because it lasts longer. Unfortunately, there is no way to detox the desire to use out of us. This is typically what rehab and relapse prevention programs are used for. They’re a wonderful source of support that help addicts come to terms with their desire to use.

Here’s the actual interesting part of The Morning Text. Contrary to what was previously believed, nicotine addiction appears to be almost entirely psychological.

For a study conducted in 2010, cigarette cravings among flight attendants who smoked were recorded on both long and short flights. (Smoking is prohibited on flights.)

Results showed that flight length made almost no change craving levels. Surprisingly, cravings were stronger at the end of the short flights than they were at the end of the long flights. This suggests that people start craving cigarettes when they know they’re about to have one as opposed to when they haven’t had one in a while. So really, most of it it is in your head.

Challenge of the Day: Use the word “Lexicon.” By definition, it is a few things such as a dictionary, a record of inventory. But it is also the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person. You may use any of these. Come back to me! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The Difference Between Physical and Psychological Addiction

Just the Facts: Psychological vs Physical Addiction

1 thought on “The Morning Text 10/21”

Comments are closed.