The Morning Text 10/27

An Educational Newsletter

Welcome to The Morning Text!

As I imagined you’ve discovered by now, I am all about new forms of energy, I think they’re important to our survival as a species. I am also very excited and supportive of becoming an interplanetary species. In fact, I have considered signing up to go to Mars if it wasn’t for the fact that Catherine has told me I’m not allowed. 

That being said, living in a small life-sustaining pod for years at a time doesn’t sound glamorous at all. I would, however, like to remind people that this is only phase one. With the way things are going now, I believe that mars will be just as capable of sustaining life as Earth is today. And that is exactly what I’d like to write about today.

So let’s shoot down the common incorrect beliefs. The first is that Mars is void of H2O. Mars has water, and lots of it. It’s just frozen in the soil and in the ice caps. Also, mars soil isn’t primarily oxidized iron, it actually contains all of the same elements we have here on Earth.

First thing we will do is establish colonies of humans that live in self sustaining pods (much like you saw in the Martian). When leaving the pods, humans will be required to wear space suits, not just for oxygen, but to provide the pressure needed to survive in the thin atmosphere. 

After a colony is established and research is conducted, we will begin to terraform the planet. The first step in terraforming the planet will be to heat it up. And we will do this by heating it up the same way the earth maintains its heat. 

The photons that reach Earth from the sun provide plenty of heat for us, the issue is that without specific gases in our atmosphere, none of the heat stays. This is where greenhouse gases come into play. Greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide work by trapping the heat within the earths atmosphere. Mars’s atmosphere is a tiny fragment of Earths, so we have to put more gases in the atmosphere.

There are many ways to do this, but two that I really like. The first is exactly what is causing climate change here on earth. Our cars, our factories along with other things create tons of greenhouse gases, which is trapping too much heat within Earth’s atmosphere. We can establish factories around Mars that produce lots of CO2 and methane in order to further develop the atmosphere. The second is by melting Mars’s ice caps. Now, unlike our ice caps, most of Mars’s ice caps are actually made up of carbon dioxide. We will conduct thermonuclear explosions over the ice caps to melt the abundant amount of CO2 and release it into the atmosphere. Many people are hesitant to go with the second method and I don’t blame them. Just keep in mind that our sun is one constant nuclear explosion but on a much larger scale.

By developing the atmosphere, the humans that have been living on Mars will no longer need pressurized suits at this time and instead will only need to carry around a supply of oxygen.

Over the next two centuries, the planet will warm itself enough that the H2O frozen in the soil will begin to melt causing oceans and rivers to appear. Now, Mars has a lot of water, but not quite as much as Earth. So to get more water we can either create it from oxygen and hydrogen or redirect asteroids (which contain a lot of water) to collide with the surface. 

Another interesting thing about the melting process is that many people believe that there are dormant lifeforms frozen on Mars (mainly algae and bacteria) that will be released with the melting up the H2O. This being considered, I’m really not sure how likely it is to happen. I simply don’t know enough about it.

Now that there is water on earth and the atmosphere is warm, we have to make the atmosphere breathable. This is the longest step. We will most likely plant tons of trees to morph the planet’s atmosphere until there is more oxygen. This could take thousands of years.

After there is enough oxygen, humans will most likely bring over animals in larger quantity until it is very much populated by the many animals that we enjoy here on earth (except for mosquitos).

Now this step by step process has been developed by someone with only a 20th century mind planning for a 23rd century endgame. I think that as time goes on a more theories emerge, we will find even more efficient ways to terraform the planet. 

Call me crazy (you wouldn’t be the first) but I think that one day Mars will be very much like earth. I said this to my father and he goes, “Wow, that’s out of this world.” Anyway, although I will never get to see this dream of mine come true, I’m glad I get to see the process begin. 

Challenge of the Day: Talk about or read about climate change and come back to me with the report.

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The following picture is what mars would look like with trees and oceans


How Do We Terraform Mars?