The Final Morning Text: A Pissed Off American

The website expires next week so this will be my final post. Feel free to leave comments below. Thanks for reading. 

The Final Morning Text
A SOMEWHAT GOOD MORNING!

I’m angry at our nation.

We’re supposed to be better than this. We fought several wars to SAVE people from the exact thing that a small faction of Americans are fighting to bring back. Worse, it doesn’t stop at the small faction. Those are only the extremists.

People like our President are those who sadden me the most because they unveil the reality of how vast this evil truly is. The mere toleration of this bigotry is nearly as evil as the act itself. People I know aren’t just tolerating but also subtly defending it in their words and in their actions. The fact that people I personally know are supporting our President’s initial response to the display of such egregious racism is infuriating. After several occurrences, like that horrific rally, I’m watching as our nation’s values are thrown into a time of immense pressure and tumult. People’s true colors show in times of great pressure like this, and I’m not liking what I see.

Trump’s campaign statement was “Make America Great Again.” Of course America wasn’t great for everyone. The racism, the bigotry and the dirty hooks our society threw are exactly what blot and tarnish our history and take away from the grand ideal our nation stood for. The United States of America was once an emblem that represented those that aspired to something greater. Renowned individuals of every color, gender, creed and predisposition aspired to bring about great change in the world time and time again. America wasn’t great because white men held the power. It was great because it stood for freedom, unwavering valor, and most importantly progress. Somewhere across the dirty landscape of our history we foolishly turned our backs. Through the toleration of this great depravity, we allowed the exact thing we as a nation hated most to slip past. That thing is what is embodied by these white supremacists, nationalists, NeoNazis, alt-right individuals and those that defend or tolerate them. It shakes my very soul to see the US flag on the shirts of those that attend these anti-American events. I want to go up to every one of them and say “You don’t deserve that flag. Take it off now.”

I want to punch a Nazi in the face as hard as the characters in comic strips of World War II did. I want to stand up to a firehose as I scream “Desegregate Us” in the face of the government from which I must protect my fellow Americans. I want to stand at the foot of a towering skyscraper as Pulitzer looks down his nose at me from atop his pile of money and demand that he level the playing field because I’m an American and I deserve a chance. Give me liberty or give me death!

To the individual that supports or tolerates the acts and views of this faction residing within our borders: How dare you call yourself an American.

To the alt-right, to the NeoNazis, to the white supremacists, to the Nationalists and to the various other disgusting creatures that plague our beautiful nation, hear you this. Whether you stand in daylight or hide in shadow your bigotry and your evil will not go without resistance. Whether you are met by a Police baton or a pen on paper you will be stopped. We will see that justice is met and our fellow Americans are safe. Do not entertain even the most lackluster fantasy of success because in the moment you do we will have already gotten closer to overpowering you and putting your ideals to bed. The same bed which sleeps those that caused our history to resemble less a piece of art and more a Rorschach test. The bed to which your ideals should have been confined hundreds of years ago.

 

Sincerely,

A pissed off American.

 

The Morning Text 11/03: Unknown Space

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

Fun Fact courtesy of Mallory Nuzman! A new species of millipede was just discovered! This new species has 414 legs and 4 penises. There are many animals/insects that have multiple genitalia. This is evolutionarily advantageous because it gives them the ability to have sex with multiple partners one after the other without taking a break between them. They simply switch out the penis for another. Kangaroos are also amongst those blessed animals with their three vaginas!

Today’s morning text is the second part of the previous morning text on gravity. To read that newsletter, please follow this link: http://themorningtext.com/index.php/2016/11/02/the-morning-text-1102/

Also, if you didn’t see it, go read the comment posted on yesterday’s morning text by Aaron! He had a very interesting take on my example with the trampoline.

So yesterday, we talked about gravity. We learned that gravity is caused by the unequal distribution of matter in the spacetime continuum. We need to understand how gravity works to understand today’s concept.

In order for this concept to make sense, we need to come to terms with two things. One, we need to forget the notion that all of the space between physical matter (planets, stars, clouds, black holes, etc) is some empty space, void of all substance. Instead, imagine it as a vast field with certain properties and laws. Two, we need to understand that we just don’t understand it (if that makes sense). 

Of everything that we know exists in space, and that includes everything we can’t directly detect, the physical matter that we can see, taste or touch accounts for less than 5% of everything in the known universe. Another 27% is dark matter, and 68% is dark energy. 

It was during the observation of gravity that astronomers ran into dark matter. In 1933, a Swiss American astronomer by the name of Fritz Zwicky theorized the existence of dark matter, not to be confused with black holes or antimatter. 

So what is dark matter? First of all, I think the term “dark matter” is misleading. We really don’t know what it is. We’re not even sure it’s matter. Of all the gravity we have ever measured in our universe, only 15% of it is accounted for with physical matter we can detect. Meaning that 85% of all the gravity we’ve seen is coming from something we can’t detect. Dark matter is that missing variable that creates all that gravity. Personally, I prefer the original term used in the 1930’s, “missing mass.”

Dark matter may or may not be a substance. But what we do know is that it does not emit light, and we know that it interacts with gravity. We can see that as it passes through space it bends light (a property of gravity). We know that its not a black hole because black holes are immensely dense masses of physical matter that create tons of gravity located in specific areas where as dark matter is not detectable and is scattered all over the place. We also know that it’s not antimatter because when antimatter reacts with normal matter it gives off unique gamma rays. Dark matter is greatly responsible for the structure of our universe. If it wasn’t for the gravity of dark matter, galaxies would not form and instead the many stars that exist would disperse into space.

The confusion gets worse with dark energy. Just like dark matter, we don’t know what dark energy is. In 1927, Hubble witnessed that the Doplar effect was more consistent in more distant galaxies and that as time went on the Doplar shift was even more drastic. It occurred to him that this was because space was expanding (up until then people thought that matter was coming together because of gravity). We have also realized that the rate at which space is expanding is increasing. It is believed that the increase in rate is due to dark energy. Again, we don’t exactly know what it is, but we have a few ideas:

 1. Remember when I said “imagine it [space] as a vast field with certain properties and laws?” This first theory is exactly that. This theory suggests that dark energy isn’t even energy. Instead it’s a constant property of space that is seen more as space expands. The more space stretches at the edges, the more space fills the gaps in the middle (that makes sense! As space gets more spacious, space has empty spaces that need to be filled in with more space).

 2. Another theory is similar to a theory that Einstein created called a cosmological constant. Much like a cosmological constant, dark energy could be a force that counteracts gravity. So instead of pulling things together, it forces things away. I should mention that when we tried to calculate the existence and strength, the results were so all over the place that this theory is basically dismissible as a viable possibility.

 3. There is also a theory that space is just a spontaneous eruption of virtual particles that appear from nothing and then disappear again. The energy released from those particles when they disappear could be dark energy.

 4. The final theory suggests that dark energy is an energy charged field that stretches every. 

Even if any of these theories are true, we have absolutely no way to detect dark energy to prove them.

So there you have it! The general makeup of our universe. Less than 5% known matter, and the rest of it dark matter and dark energy. I know today’s morning text was super dense and sciency, thanks for bearing with me. Tomorrow’s will be more fun I promise, I just love astrophysics. 

Challenge of the Day: after living through all of that deep material, you deserve an easy challenge. Take some time tonight to find the Big Dipper.

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons


Sources:
https://www.britannica.com/science/dark-matter

https://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy

The Morning Text 11/02

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!
Welcome to The Morning Text!

Someone asked me what makes me qualified to write a newsletter and talk about things in which I have no degrees. My answer is: I don’t need qualifications to write about things I think are fascinating. And I definitely don’t need to be “qualified” to share my opinion on those subjects. All I need is the desire. So if anyone wants to write and share what they have written but is too worried about not having the “qualifications,” do it anyway. You don’t need qualifications.

Good, now that that’s done. This morning text will come in two parts, part one today and part two tomorrow. 

Anyway, Lets talk about astrophysics. Specifically, gravity. Gravity is a force that is caused by the unequal distribution of matter and energy in the universe. These unequal distributions bend the spacetime continuum. In short, gravity is caused by matter and mass. Matter is something with substance, everything we can think of is made up of matter except space which is in fact void of matter. Even light, in theory, is made up of matter. Mass is the existing body of matter. All matter creates some bit of gravity. Although it may not be enough to bend the spacetime continuum like a star does, even you create gravity. 

If you don’t understand “bend spacetime continuum” don’t fret. It may be an intimidating phrase but it can be explained. Imagine a flat, undisturbed trampoline. That trampoline is space. Now let’s take a bowling ball and place it on the trampoline. Notice that this heavy object is bending the trampoline downwards. Assuming this trampoline is space, that bowling ball is bending the space time continuum. Now let’s take a baseball and place it on the same trampoline, it would immediately roll toward the bowling ball, right? That’s what gravity is like. If you imagine the bowling ball as the sun and the baseball as earth, then it all makes sense. 

But wait, why doesn’t the earth fly into the sun like the baseball does to the bowling ball. Well imagine taking that baseball and rolling it sideways across the edge of the trampoline. Notice that the baseball will roll around the bowling ball over and over again. That baseball is now orbiting the bowling ball. And the baseball would go on forever if it wasn’t for the fact that the friction between the baseball and the trampoline tarp caused the baseball to slow down. Space of course is void of matter, so there is no friction to slow the earth down. So the earth will continue orbiting the sun forever (in theory). 

Now add something to the trampoline. Take the baseball off of the trampoline, leaving only the bowling ball. Now add a marble to the story. Take the baseball and the marble and roll them onto the trampoline side by side at the same time. That marble will now orbit the baseball which is of course orbiting the bowling ball. That is like our moon orbiting the earth as the earth orbits the sun. And then the sun is orbiting our galaxy.

So now we know how gravity affects the three spacial dimensions. To complicate things further, we know of four dimensions. Unlike the first three, the fourth is not spacial. In fact, the fourth is more closely related to time (but is not technically time). So I’ll explain it with another analogy. Imagine a large white bed sheet spread over an empty area (a few feet of air below it). Now imagine a ladybug is trying to crawl from one side to the other. The side from which the insect is crawling we are calling point A, and the other side is point B. It may take the ladybug 20 minutes to cross the sheet. So let’s go grab our bowling ball and place is in the middle of this big sheet. Now instead of holding the sheet tightly by the corners, let it bend. With the bowling ball in the middle of the sheet, the two ends of the sheet will come together and touch. This would enable the ladybug to crawl from one end of the sheet to the other end in just a few steps. That is how gravity affects time. It been the space time continuum shortening the distance between point A and point B. Also, a lighter ball (lighter source of gravity) would cause less of a bend in the sheet (spacetime continuum). This of course is a two dimensional analogy of a fourth dimension. In reality, gravity having effect in all four dimensions of space, we would see that the closer you are to gravity, the slower time moves. Our watches will even tick just a little slower when we go up in the elevator!

Tomorrow’s will be about a concept that has boggled the minds of astrophysicists since the 1930’s.

Challenge of the Day: Choose a planet in the solar system and look up how heavy you would be on that planet. For instance, my favorite planet is Mars and I would weigh 52.7 lbs on the surface. I’ll provide a link to a calculator for the challenge below

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

Sources:

https://www.exploratorium.edu/ronh/weight/

http://physicsbuzz.physicscentral.com/2010/09/time-moves-faster-upstairs.html?m=1

Where Does Gravity Come From?

The Morning Text 10/31

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING! 

Welcome to The Morning Text!

Did you know that by the time you finish today, you will have been lied to somewhere between 10 and 200 times.

I’m not proud of it, but I’m really good at lying. Fortunately, I never lie about anything truly important. I think that being deceitful, for the most part, inhibits progress. For example, someone may be lying about their feelings, breaking something, cheating, fronting/stealing money, and/or problems that they’re having. In any of those situations, by lying, the person is halting true progress in some form or another. For this reason, I only lie for two reasons:

 1. The more common reason, for humor and my own amusement. Because why not convince my girlfriend that Mormons don’t believe in microwaves above eye level? Of course I tell the truth immediately after.

 2. Far less common, small harmless things. I am a strong believer in the notion that white lies are better than painful truths –“Does she hate me?” “No of course not!” – “Does this dress make me look fat?” “No you look wonderful.” (because Cat will be reading this tomorrow morning I would like to go ahead and say that I’ve never told these particular white lies).

Furthermore, I never lie if a promise is involved. Unfortunately, a few of my friends know this so if they think I’m telling a white lie they ask “do you promise?” In which case I have a moral obligation to come clean and tell them that the hat does in fact make their head look like an argon-inflated spare tire.

Interestingly, while I am good at lying, I’m also really easy to lie to. I used to often be skeptical of people if I felt like they had motive to deceive, but as I grew older I began to dislike this quality in myself. I made the decision to take everything at face value (within reason). Because I would much prefer be lied to than go through life suspecting deceit where there is none. This mentality has royally bitten me in the butt a few times, but overall it’s done me a lot of good.

So let’s talk about lying and spotting lies. Most of my information today comes from a book written by CEO of social networking company Simpatico Networks, Pamela Meyer. The fascinating book is appropriately titled Liespotting. She also gave a great TedTalk on the why’s and how’s of deception. 

Meyer first aims to help us understand the why. She believes that our lies are depictions of our desired self images. We all wish we were better employees, husbands, wives, parents, or students – so we all create lies to fill the gap between our real self and the self image we desire to attain. Now imagine the desired self image is a “hunger.” We all have this “hunger,” and once we find out other people’s hunger we can exploit those desires and either lie to them or see through their deception.

There are many ways that a person can give themselves away, but I’d like to focus on two: verbally or physically.

 1. Verbally

“I want you to listen to me. I’m going to say this again. I did not have sexual relations with that woman.” First of all, liars will often stress the “truthfulness” of their statement by going “in all honesty” or “listen to me” etc. 

Meyer also tells us that liars will often use more grammatically correct language when lying. Of course this only applies when the accused person does not typically use “did not” as opposed to “didn’t.” 

A big giveaway, which I found interesting, is displayed in Clinton’s statement in the words “that woman.” Liars commonly distance themselves from the accusation by making it impersonal. Instead of saying the woman’s name, Clinton chose to remove himself from the. Crime by saying “that woman.” To a lie-spotter it may be a giveaway, but to your average Joe it seems rather effective.

Liars will also often speak in a different vocal register. The lie may be told with a little too much or too little animation than the person uses. But more commonly, the person will use a lower pitch and tone to tell the lie.

Meyer also says that most liars will get defensive in their language, but truth-tellers will be very compliant.
 2. Physical

Take what most people say and throw it out the window. This includes, “liars are fidgety,” “liars won’t look you in the eye,” “liars faces will twitch.”

To my surprise, liars upper bodies actually freeze more often than becoming fidgety. 

Studies have also shown that liars actually keep more eye contact than usual in attempt to make the lie more believable.

Most liars will have a completely still face and make a symmetrical facial expression when lying. This includes intentional strained looks, forced smiles, and normally raised eyebrows. For most people, it’s hard to tell the fake smile from the real smile, but Meyer says that the real smile is from the eyes and that a fake smile only contracts the cheeks. 

There is only one asymmetrical facial expression common amongst liars that Meyer likes to call “the face of contempt.” This face is typically from a lie that is being given out of anger and malicious intent. It is shown by the raising of one side of the upper lip. Anger turns to contempt when a sense of superiority gets involved. When you see this face, Meyer recommends that you turn away, close down the business deal, or rethink your options.

Liars will often shake their head instead of nod when giving positive affirmation. They will also commonly shrug during a lie in attempts to display openness. They will even get a deceptive smile sometimes because they feel proud for beating the system (it’s not as evil as it sounds, we all do it).
Although this is fascinating, please don’t employ these skills in your daily life. You’re not a trained behavioralist with the proper skill set to decipher between a lie and a truth using an eyebrow twitch or a vocal inclination. I much prefer my “trust 95%” mentality to the skepticism that many people have. Also, please tell the truth. It just makes life easier.

Challenge of the Day: Ask why three times. If someone states their opinion or desire, ask them why three times (one “why” after each answer). Behavioralists say that by asking “why” three times you can come to understand someone and their motivation far better than you had before. 

Just by the way, I will not be sending a Morning Text tomorrow!

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

Sources:

Pamela Meyer’s Liespotter

The Morning Text 10/28

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

Today I’m showing another poem that I really like. Fair warning, there is some profanity. It’s written and performed by George Watsky, a song artist that became famous from YouTube. This incredibly relatable poem is a letter to his 16 year old self. 

Letter to My 16-Year-Old self

George Watsky

Sup bitch. Nah, I’m just messing with ya. What I meant to say was, “Never give up. Always be yourself.” It’s gonna suck hearing that over and over as you get older. But as stereotypes start with a grain of truth, cliches begin with a boulder. And no matter what, you’re an animal. A born natural. So you don’t need some motivational speaker asshole feeding you re-heated inspirational corn casserole. You magical bastard! Get it through your brain. Inject it in your vein, get infected with the strain, the strange idea you’re the reflection of the greats who came before. More than Science, our bodies are history’s oldest appliance. We’re piggy-back riding the shoulders of giants which is how we survive when the ceilings keep getting higher and the lightbulbs keep burning out. We learn by word of mouth, and when your time is passed, don’t drag each other down. Cause being a crab in a bucket is mad lonely. Be the crab escaping from crab prison who creates a crab rope out the window made only of crab homies. Cause we’re in this together. Future you is just past you with new molecules. We shoot the old ones out follicles and hair is dead cells so our faults get shed well, meaning our parts that are hard to adore get mopped up on the barber shop floor. In other words, although you often don’t remember people’s names, are at center of attention at all the wrong times, and spend roughly six hours a night lying on your side watching Boy Meets World re-runs, you are capable of outgrowing that bullshit. I’m aware there is doubt. I don’t believe in hell, but I believe in my parents’ couch. You’re gonna get depressed sometimes. You’re gonna have weeks where you don’t feel like eating, where gravity is working overtime like it’s afraid of getting laid off and you can barely lift your fork to your mouth, and you are going to have a choice. Do you want to see this world as ugly, or beautiful? Wanna know what I think? Well go fuck yourself, this is my poem, and I think the universe is great. It’s like God just chucked a bunch of candy into space. And Earth is a jaw-breaker. So it doesn’t matter if you’ve got the biggest mouth, you can’t just chew the world up and spit it out. You’ve gotta savor it. From the grandest to the blandest nook and cranny, every crooked alley, every mountain, brook, and valley, from Candyland to Cali that’s been stamped by Rand McNally. Ordinary is outstanding! So don’t be impressed by mere miracles. And FYI, looking like a crusty hippie doesn’t make you spiritual. You’re gonna have to climb through a thorny mess of contradictions, underground rivers, and sometimes what you love the most will cause your biggest problem. Because you know what’s awesome? World peace. You know what else is awesome? Catapults. And that’s just the goddamn truth. This world is so confusing, but you’re gonna be fine. You’re gonna be fine.

Challenge of the Day: what piece of advice would you give your 16-year-old self? And why? Share your thoughts with me!

This poem suggestion came from Cat! Shout out “thank you” to her!

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources:

http://lybio.net/george-watsky-letter-to-my-16-year-old-self/poem/

The Morning Text 10/27

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text!

As I imagined you’ve discovered by now, I am all about new forms of energy, I think they’re important to our survival as a species. I am also very excited and supportive of becoming an interplanetary species. In fact, I have considered signing up to go to Mars if it wasn’t for the fact that Catherine has told me I’m not allowed. 

That being said, living in a small life-sustaining pod for years at a time doesn’t sound glamorous at all. I would, however, like to remind people that this is only phase one. With the way things are going now, I believe that mars will be just as capable of sustaining life as Earth is today. And that is exactly what I’d like to write about today.

So let’s shoot down the common incorrect beliefs. The first is that Mars is void of H2O. Mars has water, and lots of it. It’s just frozen in the soil and in the ice caps. Also, mars soil isn’t primarily oxidized iron, it actually contains all of the same elements we have here on Earth.

First thing we will do is establish colonies of humans that live in self sustaining pods (much like you saw in the Martian). When leaving the pods, humans will be required to wear space suits, not just for oxygen, but to provide the pressure needed to survive in the thin atmosphere. 

After a colony is established and research is conducted, we will begin to terraform the planet. The first step in terraforming the planet will be to heat it up. And we will do this by heating it up the same way the earth maintains its heat. 

The photons that reach Earth from the sun provide plenty of heat for us, the issue is that without specific gases in our atmosphere, none of the heat stays. This is where greenhouse gases come into play. Greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide work by trapping the heat within the earths atmosphere. Mars’s atmosphere is a tiny fragment of Earths, so we have to put more gases in the atmosphere.

There are many ways to do this, but two that I really like. The first is exactly what is causing climate change here on earth. Our cars, our factories along with other things create tons of greenhouse gases, which is trapping too much heat within Earth’s atmosphere. We can establish factories around Mars that produce lots of CO2 and methane in order to further develop the atmosphere. The second is by melting Mars’s ice caps. Now, unlike our ice caps, most of Mars’s ice caps are actually made up of carbon dioxide. We will conduct thermonuclear explosions over the ice caps to melt the abundant amount of CO2 and release it into the atmosphere. Many people are hesitant to go with the second method and I don’t blame them. Just keep in mind that our sun is one constant nuclear explosion but on a much larger scale.

By developing the atmosphere, the humans that have been living on Mars will no longer need pressurized suits at this time and instead will only need to carry around a supply of oxygen.

Over the next two centuries, the planet will warm itself enough that the H2O frozen in the soil will begin to melt causing oceans and rivers to appear. Now, Mars has a lot of water, but not quite as much as Earth. So to get more water we can either create it from oxygen and hydrogen or redirect asteroids (which contain a lot of water) to collide with the surface. 

Another interesting thing about the melting process is that many people believe that there are dormant lifeforms frozen on Mars (mainly algae and bacteria) that will be released with the melting up the H2O. This being considered, I’m really not sure how likely it is to happen. I simply don’t know enough about it.

Now that there is water on earth and the atmosphere is warm, we have to make the atmosphere breathable. This is the longest step. We will most likely plant tons of trees to morph the planet’s atmosphere until there is more oxygen. This could take thousands of years.

After there is enough oxygen, humans will most likely bring over animals in larger quantity until it is very much populated by the many animals that we enjoy here on earth (except for mosquitos).

Now this step by step process has been developed by someone with only a 20th century mind planning for a 23rd century endgame. I think that as time goes on a more theories emerge, we will find even more efficient ways to terraform the planet. 

Call me crazy (you wouldn’t be the first) but I think that one day Mars will be very much like earth. I said this to my father and he goes, “Wow, that’s out of this world.” Anyway, although I will never get to see this dream of mine come true, I’m glad I get to see the process begin. 

Challenge of the Day: Talk about or read about climate change and come back to me with the report.

That’s it for today! Please don’t hesitate to provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The following picture is what mars would look like with trees and oceans


Sources:

https://www.google.com/amp/amp.space.com/764-mars-habitable-inject-greenhouse-gas.html?client=safari

How Do We Terraform Mars?

The Morning Text 10/26

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

Alright, I’m about to rant and I offer no apologies. IQ is a dumb concept and you can throw it out the window. 

IQ (intelligence quotient) is supposed to be a measure of your intelligence, or rather, a unit of measurement by which one can determine how efficiently and quickly they learn. It aims to measure your processing speed, your RAM, your long term memorization and how long you can go before you’re mentally burnt out.

The concept of IQ was invented by Stanford psychologist Terman in 1916. Rather than measure our academic abilities, it was developed to determine our native, or born intelligence. Terman’s concept of IQ targeted our innate ability to learn. How is IQ most often tested? Why, a standardized test of course; because we all know that standardized tests are the best way to measure someone’s abilities!

IQ suggests that your intelligence is almost entirely genetic. Yes, most people that received a high IQ result from the test typically did better in school. That being said, who’s to say that resulted from genetics? Instead, newer research (and by newer research I mean going decades back up until now) suggests that most of your IQ score is actually determined by learned abilities. 

Don’t confuse the message I’m trying to convey. I’m not saying that no one is born smarter than others. What I’m saying is that is that using IQ as a measure of someone’s intelligence is inaccurate.

IQ scores are classified by number sets. According to the WISC-IV and WPPSI-III, the classifications are as follows. Scores 79 and below are “Below Average”, scores that fall between 80-89 are low average, 90 to 109 are average and scores 110 to 119 are high average. Beyond that scores that range 120-129 are deemed “Superior,” 130-138 are deemed “Gifted,” 138-145 are considered “Highly Gifted (HG)”, 145-152 are “Exceptionally Gifted (EG)” and 152+ are “Profoundly Gifted (PG).”

IQ puts people in categories of intelligence that they say are genetic and say “you’re born this smart, and you’re stuck with it.” Many young teenagers that feel intelligent take these tests and end up with a 100 causing them to feel discouraged and unmotivated to strive for more in their life. IQ teaches that a number can determine your potential for success. You know what? I’m calling BS on that. 

According to the concept of Intelligence Quotient, I am average. I have an IQ that falls between 100 and 115 (depending on the test I take). You know what that test doesn’t measure? My work ethic, my desire and ambition to learn, my passion and interest in certain subjects, my creativity, my ability to analyze or my willpower. Leaving out all of these essential learned character traits, how is IQ supposed to determine my overall intelligence or potential for success? It doesn’t. IQ is as useful to the overall public as Sigmund Freud’s theory of penis envy is to a psychologist. 

I would like to point out that I said “overall public.” IQ can be used to measure the extremities of the intelligence scale in order to place people in certain classes or programs that will best benefit them (i.e. Special Education or exceptionally gifted persons). However, for the most part, I still stand by my previous statement.

Warren Buffet says “If you are in the investment business and have an IQ of 150, sell 30 points to someone else.” If you don’t know who Warren Buffet is, I suggest you look him up. He is one of the richest and most successful men in the world. In this quote, he may be referring specifically to investing, but the notion still follows. IQ isn’t as important to one’s success potential or abilities as society makes it out to be.

To argue the other side, it is true that most billionaires have exceptionally high IQ’s. While IQ most likely plays a role in these people’s success, that’s only 1,810 people out of the 7,400,000,000 people in the world (1 out of every 4,088,397 people). In addition to that, I’m sure that more astrophysicists have high IQ’s than plumbers. All this being said, their IQ’s could very well be due to the abilities they learned throughout their lives.

So if you took an IQ test as a child or a teenager and received an average or below average score, don’t let that stop you from achieving for full potential. Intelligence is more than a number.

There are two Best Sellers written by Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves titled The Emotional Intelligence Appraisal and Emotional Intelligence 2.0 that outline an alternative to this outmoded “intellectual horsepower” concept. The book suggests intelligence and success potential are more affected by a set of learned abilities, traits and principles that make up their concept of EQ.” But that’s a concept for another day. Nonetheless, I suggest you read it.

Challenge of the Day: Teach me something. I spend all this time researching and writing this newsletter for the many recipients, I’d really like to learn something from you guys. 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

Edited by Catherine Peinhardt
Sources:

http://www.forbes.com/billionaires/

Three Lessons from Warren Buffett

http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2009/07/the-truth-about-iq/22260/

http://www.hoagiesgifted.org/highly_profoundly.htm

The Morning Text 10/25

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

Too tired to go the the gym but still want to get fit while sitting? There’s a solution! Banging your head against a wall burns about 150 calories an hour! But don’t stop there! If you did that for four hours every day you would burn 4200 calories a week! That’s about a pound right there! Ditch that workout routine for some good ol’ self inflicted pain and see the abs by next week! Disclaimer: don’t actually do this unless you want to die.

I’ve noticed a correlation, the sleepier I am, the more likely I am to write about sleep related things. So guess what, I’m writing about circadian rhythms today. 

Circadian Rhythms are our bodies’ natural clocks. They determine everything from alertness, to sleepiness, to blood pressure, and to melatonin secretion.

The length and regulation of Circadian rhythms are often determined by the natural light that our world provides. They typically run from between 21-27 hours long but for the sake of simplicity, let’s just assume that yours is exactly 24 hours. For this application, we have to assume that you sleep based on the natural light that you’re given. 

As far as sleep goes, we will get the best sleep from between 2-4 am. If you are awake at that time, then you will feel the greatest urge to sleep at this time. Second to this, we feel a great urge to sleep between 2-3 pm, indicating that naps are actually better for us. Now, this may seem counterintuitive, and you say that until you have a meeting or take a class at 2 pm. So don’t let anyone tell you that you’re lazy for taking naps. There is no species on earth, save humans, that sleeps for only one block a day. 

You are most alert at 10 am, have the best reaction time at 330 pm, have the greatest muscle strength at 5 pm and (if you’re awake) have the best coordination time at 230 pm.

Our body even has set times that it secretes melatonin. Now, melatonin is our sleepy chemical. Yes, there are many things that make you want to sleep, biology may be one of them, but melatonin is the biggest one. Your body will naturally secrete melatonin to make you feel more sleepy. When people take melatonin supplements (which you can buy over the counter) they aren’t taking sleeping pills, instead think of them as sleep regulators. Based on a 24 hour circadian rhythm, your body begins secreting melatonin at 9 pm and stops secreting it at 730 am.

As for physiological symptoms, your blood pressure will be its highest at 630 pm immediately followed by your highest body temperature at 7 pm. Your lowest body temperature however will be at 430 am, right after your sleepiest time. Closely following you will see the sharpest rise in blood pressure at 645 am. 

Now that I’ve thrown a bunch of times all over the place, let’s put together your most effective day based on your needs as determined by the circadian rhythm. 

If you want to study, the best time start that is 10 pm. If you want to play a sport that takes more coordination (tennis), you will perform best at 230. If you play a sport that takes more reaction time (baseball or even video games) then 330 is the best time for you. If you want to go lift weights or play football, you’ll see the greatest results at 5 pm. And then everyone would do best sleeping between 9 pm and 730 am. 

Isn’t it fascinating that your body naturally runs on a clock? Remember when your sibling would use that excuse so they could go to the bathroom right before doing dishes,”my body is on a schedule” may not be completely BS after all. 

Challenge of the Day: Utilize at least one “best time” in your circadian rhythm to make a task easier. Come back and tell me how your experiment went! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources:

http://fhsapbiology.weebly.com/circadian-rhythm.html

The Morning Text 10/24

An Educational Newsletter
GOOD MORNING!

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

I had family members come in this weekend so I didn’t have a chance to write a full length Morning Text. Instead, I’m giving you a small replacement.

I’d like to show you one of my favorite poems. Written by a Welsh poet Dylan Thomas in 1947, I feel that this poem perfectly depicts exactly what life should be.

Do not go gentle into that good night,

Old age should burn and rave at close of day;

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Though wise men at their end know dark is right,

Because their words had forked no lightning they

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright

Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay,

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight,

And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way,

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight

Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay,

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

And you, my father, there on the sad height,

Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray.

Do not go gentle into that good night.

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

This poem argues that life should be lived from start to finish with a burning passion, even at the very end. That is exactly what I want my life to be. Actually, I love this power so much that I intend on getting the first and last lines tattooed on my forearms at some point.

Challenge of the Day: Send me your favorite poem! I would love to read it! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com 

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons

The Morning Text 10/21

An Educational Newsletter

GOOD MORNING! 

Welcome to The Morning Text! 

“If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.” Desmond Tutu. I like this quote because it puts all of those people that pretend to be innocent in light. When they don’t intervene in an event in which evil is being done, then they become guilty by omission and enabling. So if you see something wrong happening to someone, do something about it. 

I have a couple recipients that use tabaco products, and I don’t like it. So because I’m pretty, I’m going to passive aggressively write about addiction. There are two main types of addiction, mental and physical. Different substances cause different degrees of addiction in these two categories. In addition, both forms of addiction are often seen together.

 1. Physical

This type of addiction is probably the more dangerous of the two. In this case, people’s bodies have become dependent on the substance. When they quit the substance, they begin to feel actual physical symptoms. Although most commonly seen with drugs such as heroin, meth and cocaine, it can be seen in caffeine as well.

 2. Psychological

This type of addiction is commonly seen in marijuana. Where a person’s body hasn’t become dependent on the drug but they feel that certain behaviors may be at loss without it. For instance, they may be anxious without the substance, or they may be unable to fall asleep quickly. This form of addiction is also commonly referred to as mental or emotional addiction.

Surprisingly, these two might not be as different as we think. In an October 2010 study, couples were showed pictures of former significant others. We found that psychological addiction tends to stimulate many of the same regions of the brain as physical addiction. These parts were the anterior insula and the anterior cingulate cortex which are both associated with physical pain. Granted this isn’t actually about substance addiction, but the concept can still apply. 

Treatment

 1. Physical Addiction

This is usually treated with a supervised detox. The addict is weened off of the substance slowly to lessen the physical ailments associated with quitting. The treatment can take up to weeks.

 2. Psychological Addiction

If an addict has both forms of addiction, psychological addiction is typically treated after physical addiction because it lasts longer. Unfortunately, there is no way to detox the desire to use out of us. This is typically what rehab and relapse prevention programs are used for. They’re a wonderful source of support that help addicts come to terms with their desire to use.

Here’s the actual interesting part of The Morning Text. Contrary to what was previously believed, nicotine addiction appears to be almost entirely psychological.

For a study conducted in 2010, cigarette cravings among flight attendants who smoked were recorded on both long and short flights. (Smoking is prohibited on flights.)

Results showed that flight length made almost no change craving levels. Surprisingly, cravings were stronger at the end of the short flights than they were at the end of the long flights. This suggests that people start craving cigarettes when they know they’re about to have one as opposed to when they haven’t had one in a while. So really, most of it it is in your head.

Challenge of the Day: Use the word “Lexicon.” By definition, it is a few things such as a dictionary, a record of inventory. But it is also the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person. You may use any of these. Come back to me! 

That’s it for today! As this is a trial run, I am entirely open to tweaking The Morning Text, please provide feedback so that I can better cater to your interests. If you believe you have received this message in error and no longer wish to receive them, please notify me. If you would like to view previous Morning Texts please visit themorningtext.com  

Have a wonderful day.

Written by Caleb Gibbons
Sources: 

The Difference Between Physical and Psychological Addiction

Just the Facts: Psychological vs Physical Addiction

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/body-sense/201204/emotional-and-physical-pain-activate-similar-brain-regions

https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.businessinsider.com/top-psychologists-reveal-research-that-blows-their-mind-2016-6?client=safari